On February 9, 2024, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) announced charges against several broker-dealers and investment advisers for failures by the firms and their employees to maintain and preserve electronic communications. The firms’ penalties ranged from $8 to 16 million, with one notable exception—one firm received a significantly lower penalty of $1.25 million, which the SEC says reflects the firm’s voluntary self-reporting and cooperation. In this Legal Update, we examine the charges the SEC announced.